PROTAC 2.0: The reprogramming of giant E3 ligase
Tim Clausen conducted his PhD studies in 1994 at the at the MPI of Biochemistry in Martinsried and continued there as postdoc in 1997. In 2002, he became Group Leader at the IMP in Vienna, where he is now Senior Group Leader since 2009.
- Institute IMP - Research Institute of Molecular Pathology
- Phone +43 1 79730 3300
- Mail email@example.com
Projects within consortium
The giant E3 ligase HUWE1 is at the center of our research. We will address its interplay with other quality control factors in removing unassembled orphan proteins. As HUWE1 is an essential E3 enzyme, death-marking a broad range of substrates, it also represents an appealing PROTAC platform. To enable this, we will delineate its substrate-targeting mechanism by an integrative structural biology approach.
Apart from its crucial biological role, the targeted degradation of proteins attracted much interest in the Medicinal Chemistry field. A recent approach termed PROTAC (Proteolysis Targeting Chimeras) is considered especially interesting. PROTACs are bi-functional small molecules that are composed of a chemical group targeting the “death-marking” E3 ligase, a flexible linker and a binding epitope for a protein of interest (POI). By physically linking E3 and POI, the two-headed molecule induces the artificial ubiquitination of the POI and consequently its degradation by the proteasome.
In our project, we would like to further develop the PROTAC concept. We will focus on HUWE1, a giant E3 ligase that so far escaped a detailed structural characterization and for which the substrate-targeting mechanism is unknown. As HUWE1 is one of the most promiscuous E3 ligase in the cell, implicated in a myriad of cellular pathways, a respective PROTAC platform would have a great potential for advancing small-molecule drugs that induce degradation of a broad range of neo substrates. Aside this biomedical impact, HUWE1 is a fascinating ubiquitination enzyme by itself. It is one of the founding members of a distinct Protein Quality Control (PQC) mechanism watching the assembly of multiprotein complexes and removing unassembled parts. Our approach will address the HUWE1 surveillance function and its interplay with other quality-control factors, protecting cells from proteotoxic stress caused by imbalanced macromolecular assembly.
Targeted Protein Degradation related publications by Group Clausen
- 2023 HUWE1 controls tristetraprolin proteasomal degradation by regulating its phosphorylation eLife Go to publication →
- 2023 Structural basis of how the BIRC6/SMAC complex regulates apoptosis and autophagy Science Go to publication →
- 2023 Shuffled ATG8 interacting motifs form an ancestral bridge between UFMylation and C53-mediated autophagy EMBO Journal Go to publication →
- 2022 BacPROTACs mediate targeted protein degradation in bacteria Cell Go to publication →
- 2021 McsB forms a gated kinase chamber to mark aberrant bacterial proteins for degradation eLife Go to publication →
- 2021 E3 ubiquitin ligase RNF213 employs a non-canonical zinc finger active site and is allosterically regulated by ATP bioRxiv Go to publication →
- 2021 HUWE1 employs a giant substrate-binding ring to feed and regulate its HECT E3 domain Nature Chemical Biology Go to publication →
- 2021 The linear ubiquitin chain assembly complex (LUBAC) generates heterotypic ubiquitin chains eLife Go to publication →
- 2020 A cross-kingdom conserved ER-phagy receptor maintains endoplasmic reticulum homeostasis during stress eLife Go to publication →
- 2020 Native Mass Spectrometry Can Effectively Predict PROTAC Efficacy ACS Central Science Go to publication →
- 2020 Moyamoya disease factor RNF213 is a giant E3 ligase with a dynein-like core and a distinct ubiquitin-transfer mechanism eLife Go to publication →
- 2019 Structure of McsB, a protein kinase for regulated arginine phosphorylation Nature Chemical Biology Go to publication →
- 2018 UFD-2 is an adaptor-assisted E3 ligase targeting unfolded proteins Nature Communications Go to publication →
- 2016 Arginine phosphorylation marks proteins for degradation by a Clp protease Nature Go to publication →